In May 1965, a band called Episode Six attracted public attention in the British rock scene. The training consisted of Ian Gillan on vocals, Graham Dimmock and Tony Lander on guitar, Roger Glover on bass, Sheila Dimmock on keyboards, and Harvey Shields on the drums.
Two years later came another band called The Flowerpot Men and Their Garden (originally known as "The Ivy League"). The group was centered on a trio of singers. The name was taken from the children's show The Flowerpot Men, however, with an obvious reference to the concepts of flower power and cannabis (pot in English). The song was the most successful of the group Let's Go To San Francisco (some argue that it was a parody of the song If You're Going to San Francisco by Scott McKenzie, but the group always denied the validity of this entry). The group members were Tony Burrows, Neil Landon, Robin Shaw and Pete Nelson on vocals, Ged Stone on guitar, Nick Simper on bass, Jon Lord on organ and Carol Little on drums.
In February of 1968 after a meeting between Lord and Blackmore during a party, the project took shape for a new group, the Roundabout, which included Ritchie Blackmore on guitar, Jon Lord on Hammond organ, Chris Curtis on vocals, Bobby Woodman on drums and Nick Simper on bass.
In March 1968, Blackmore, Lord and Simper left by the Roundabout project, forming a new band with vocalist Rod Evans and drummer Ian Paice. They had only to choose the name of the band ... they decided for a name consisting of two words as was fashionable at the time ... at the end of Deep Purple Blackmore suggested thinking of the song "Deep Purple" the self-titled album by Nino Tempo and April Stevens saw it was a favorite songs of his grandmother. In October 1968 the group had tremendous success in the U.S. with the single Hush, a cover of Joe South, and with their debut album Shades of Deep Purple. Followed, in 1969, two albums not so successful: The Book of Taliesyn and Deep Purple, the latter included some songs recorded with a symphony orchestra. After three albums and extensive touring in the United States, the arrival of vocalist Ian Gillan (for Evans) and Roger Glover on bass (instead of Simper) the "classical training" by Deep Purple. The first work of this new formation was the memorable album Concerto for Group and Orchestra, a three-part motion made by Lord and recorded with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Malcolm Arnold. This album is generally remembered as the first case of successful collaboration between a rock group and orchestra.
Shortly after, the band shocked the music world by creating a form of arena rock "hard", an early example of heavy metal history with the early work of Black Sabbath. To trigger the change, as with great elegance and recognize that Ritchie Blackmore Jon Lord, will the advent on the scene of another legendary British education: Led Zeppelin. Listening to the Lord and fellow colleagues represents a sort of enlightenment: "From that moment we decided that this was the music I wanted to play too," he recalls Jon Lord. Go back to that time in fact replacing Rod Evans with Ian Gillan, lead singer with great technique and one of the most beautiful, powerful and rock features (many metal singers are clearly inspired by his vocal technique by Bruce Dickinson, Geoff Tate via and coming to Michael Kiske) and "Transformation" by Jon Lord's Hammond organ in the so-called "Beast". Because in fact the sound of Deep Purple take on the characteristics that would later become typical of heavy metal music, had become necessary to the sound of a rhythm guitar who was the additional feature of the accompanying solos by Ritchie Blackmore, instead of including a new member of Group, Jon Lord (classically trained musician, graduating from the conservatory, and with extraordinary talent) was a stroke of genius: the Hammond organ linked to a Marshall guitar amp. The sound that resulted was even better than it would have provided a guitar and gave the sound of Deep Purple's a shade very characteristic. It was from this moment onwards, Deep Purple emerged as one of the most important and famous on the international scene, releasing a string of albums that would become famous and have a profound and indelible impact on all the rock music produced since that time onwards. Deep Purple in Rock was released in 1970 the first experimental work of this new genre that Deep Purple were giving life: He is one of the hardest albums ever made a sound that is in music. Was a huge success and the group faced no indifferent world tour but nevertheless were able to prepare for the next album would be released in 1971. The result was different from the expectations of the public and the album title is Fireball in which the group engages in experiments blues rock (for example, the second track No No No Demon's Eye and the third) and country (as the fourth track Anyone's Daughter ). Despite the quality of the songs has remained at high levels, the album sold less than previous. It was necessary, however, an album that will consecrate as a hard rock band memorable: Machine Head, 1972 (the latter featuring their most famous song ever, Smoke on the Water, inspired by the burning of the Montreux Casino, which destroyed the entire instrumentation Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention). This album was recorded in a hotel in Montreux with the aim of getting a new and innovative sound. The result was extraordinary from the point of view of sales. The three studio albums are added live probably most famous kinds of hard rock and heavy metal, double-Made in Japan, an album by the excellent quality and artistic milestone in rock history.
The classical training later produced the album Who Do We Think We Are in (1973), at which point both Ian Gillan and Roger Glover at the behest of Ritchie Blackmore. Find worthy substitutes was not easy and so many bass players and singers participated in many hearings. The choice fell on the bassist Glenn Hughes also demonstrated his extraordinary vocal talent. At first it was thought to reduce to a quartet with Deep Purple Glenn Hughes from the dual role: bass player and singer. But, not to ruin the image of the group is thought to also look for a singer. The hearings did not yield any results because there was no one capable of worthily replace Ian Gillan Ian Paice until, by chance, he came into a pub and listened to the then-unknown David Coverdale who was singing with his band. Impressed by the vocal skills of David Coverdale, Ian Paice suggested that he audition and was chosen. With this training into 1974 with another record of great success, Burn. The influence of David Coverdale and Glenn Hughes led funky elements, rhythm and blues and soul sound to heavy metal group, and these new sounds are even more evident in the 1974 release Stormbringer. Blackmore, however, was not satisfied with these results, and after the release of the Made in Europe (from the tour Stormbringer), gave the group the day after the date of their world tour in Paris, April 7, 1975 specifically to grips with Rainbow Ronnie James Dio
With the abandonment of Blackmore, a founding member of the group and undisputed master of the guitar hard rock, Deep Purple were faced with having to fill a huge void. The choice fell to the talented Tommy Bolin, who had established himself as imaginative guitarist with bands such as Zephyr, James Gang and artists such as Billy Cobham. Despite these excellent credentials Bolin, the album Come Taste the Band of 1975 did not have the desired success, and Bolin himself was even the subject of a rather explicit hostility from many longtime fans. His heroin addiction did not improve things. It happened during a busy world tour with Deep Purple in a cameo appearance in Japan, Tommy Bolin will procure a semiparalisi left arm because of a hole of heroin failed badly, and subsequent performances vennissero carried out by the band with great difficulty and embarrassment until such time as the lead singer David Coverdale furiously left the stage in the middle of the concert in Liverpool. That was the end and the separation of Deep Purple. A few months later, Bolin died of an overdose.
Subsequently, the majority of former Deep Purple had moderate success in other formations like the Rainbow Ritchie Blackmore in which he represented then also Roger Glover, and two solo projects for the singer Ian Gillan: Ian Gillan the band, which formed the disbanded Gillan and participation for Black Sabbath Born Again album, Glenn Hughes, who went on to a solo career (not before groped to form a band with Tommy Bolin, failed attempt by the death of the latter), and especially to be noted Whitesnake's founder David Coverdale where included, Roger Glover (who later left the group for Rainbow Ritchie Blackmore) (actually Roger Glover has never played in the group of Whitesnake, but has starred in two solo projects in 1977 by David Coverdale in 1978 and playing percussion in the ARP 2600 and two albums David Coverdale's Whitesnake Snakebite), and then Ian Paice and Jon Lord, so that they were nicknamed the "new Deep Purple", resisting pressure from a number of record companies and agents that the phenomenon rivolevano Deep Purple (in the late seventies hard rock and heavy metal market was experiencing a time of exponential growth).
In April 1984, Deep Purple, it happened. During the broadcast of The Friday Rock Show, BBC Radio, it was announced that the second formation of the classical period of the group (Blackmore, Gillan, Glover, Paice and Lord) had begun to produce new material. The band signed with Polydor in Europe and Mercury in North America. The album Perfect Strangers was released in October and followed a world tour, which departed from New Zealand and ended in Europe. It was a huge success. Their return to the United Kingdom was to play just a single show (with the support of the Scorpions), the terrible weather did not stop 80,000 fans appear to greet this memorable trip.
The same line up recorded in 1987 The House of Blue Light, which sold less, and then the double album Nobody's Perfect (1988). In the UK, to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of the band, was also published a new version of the song Hush, which is found in some versions of Nobody's Perfect as a "bonus track". In 1989, Ian Gillan and Ritchie Blackmore soured, because of which the first group left again, replaced by former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner. This line up recorded one album, Slaves & Masters (1990) with little success.
At the end of the tour Slaves & Masters, Glover, Paice and Lord rivollero back Gillan on vocals, and Blackmore agreed. Once again, the classic lineup, they recorded in 1993, Deep Purple The Battle Rages On ... The conflict between Gillan and Blackmore, however, had not been resolved, and this time Blackmore was to leave, permanently. The band replaced him with Joe Satriani for the latest tour dates in Japan and a subsequent European tour. Satriani was asked to stay with the band, but he refused. Among the guitarists that Deep Purple conceded a hearing, the choice fell on Steve Morse of Dixie Dregs.
The band continued to have success throughout the rest of the nineties, recording some albums met with critical acclaim. Purpendicular in 1996 was the first album of new training and had a good well-deserved success, thanks to the individual. After this album was recorded Live at the Olympia again in 1996. Two years later came to Abandon, an album full of musical experiments that took the band had no success Purpendicular. The tour that followed the release of Abandon was recorded live in 1999 and has the name of Total Abandon. In 2002, Jon Lord (who, together with Paice is the only member of Deep Purple to appear in all configurations) announced he was leaving the band to pursue personal projects (especially orchestral work) and he no longer wanted to play hard rock. He was replaced by Don Airey, keyboard veteran hard rock, known for playing with Ozzy Osbourne, Rainbow and Whitesnake, and that, in 2001, had already replaced Lord (blocked by the after effects of knee surgery). With Airey of Deep Purple Bananas enjoyed the first engraved in 2003, and then, in 2005, Rapture of the Deep, the album, 37 years after the birth of the band, it is a more than decent sound obvious, probably the more complete, since the other albums have always had each its own characteristics.
At the invitation of Bob Geldof, July 2, 2005 Deep Purple Live 8 took part in the day, organized to ask the G8 debt cancellation for African countries, proving one of the most acclaimed of the entire event on the stage by Barrie in Canada, before to an audience of over 35,000 people.
Although often remembered as pioneers of heavy metal, Deep Purple have never performato this sub-genre but it is beyond doubt the forerunners like other hard rock groups. The group has changed its style, often with different formations, with the technical virtuosity applied to hard rock as the main permanent feature. The influence of classical music (especially in the contributions of Lords) is rather obvious; several studies have also jazzy, rhythm and blues and soul. For their remarkable creativity and innovation on a musical level, and the obvious desire to create art rock (rock art), Deep Purple are also sometimes classified along with progressive rock groups like Yes or Genesis. The Deep Purple have kept intact their unique training in search of rock music and improvisation in countless live performances. The group has in fact released more records officers who live in the studio.
Thank you Abidin,
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